In 2014, 2017 and 2018, The Hague Academy, in partnership with UNCDF, organised a two-week training to help local authorities identify tools to help recognise vulnerabilities to climate change. This course shed light on Dutch practical experiences in the fields of climate change mitigation, adaptation and financing like the Sustainability bonds, the strategic policy analysis, AEB waste to energy company and other projects in Amsterdam. In addition, it discussed assessing vulnerability to Climate change impact, tools for climate resilience and investment for resilience, and the role of the Local government in increasing resilience at the local level through to lessons learned from existing programmes of UNCDF. Moreover, the course focused on financing climate resilience. It introduced the Performance-Based Climate Resilient Grant (PBCRG) as a core UNCDF approach and discussed the municipal role in infrastructure financing and how the private sector could become a key partner in climate change adaptation solutions through various PPP modalities.